Native American Tobacco, An Introduction
Abuse of tobacco and responsible use of tobacco are two completely different things, believe me. Tobacco in North and South America has been used for thousands of years that pre-date Columbus and the discovery of native American tobacco. having had plenty of experience, the Native Americans actually developed a responsible way of smoking tobacco. Those of you who enjoy smoking cigars will often share the same characteristics that native Americans did and that my friends is smoking tobacco in a non-abusive sense.
Abuse Of Tobacco Through The Ages
Following the discovery of tobacco around 500 years ago, the majority of Western civilization has constantly found tricks to abuse tobacco. I believe, none of the Western civilization used any of the ancient practices and instead found themselves abusing each other and becoming addicts which moreover lead then to control tobacco. In my opinion, I think the most responsible and more importantly sensible way of using tobacco is found among cigars with no filter or in other words, pipe smoking. Much the same way native American tobacco was likely used
In my experience, when visiting Indian hospitals out of curiosity and interest, I spoke to many patients there, many of which admitted to smoking. Further, into the conversations, I found that many of the patients were supposedly using a type of tobacco called Indian Tobacco. I later found out that this type of tobacco was used in ceremonies and gatherings. The process in making these cigars was quite similar to others where there would harvest, dry, cure, and then roll. At the time, I wasn’t sure of the difference between ‘white tobacco and ‘Indian tobacco’ and so I asked around and all received the same reply. White tobacco was known for its stale, old taste. The patients didn’t enjoy that tobacco and so used Indian tobacco which apparently tasted fresh and flavourful.
Enjoyment Of Tobacco Today
Many premium cigar smokers today like to enjoy fresh tobacco and not some chemically-altered stuff. It’s actually a lot similar to Native American smokers. In other words, they don’t inhale when they smoke. Premium cigars are typically used in gatherings, relaxation, business or celebrations anyway. However, cigarettes lead to addiction and more importantly, illness and death.
Long before the ‘white men’ arrived to the Americas, the Natives had learned to use tobacco in the responsible; the white men even had the option to learn how to smoke sensibly. They had to overcome the addiction and learn the non-abusive ways of tobacco. It eventually became part of everyday life and culture. However, cast history back 500 years ago, and you’ll find that when the western civilisation arrived, they ignored the responsibilities and instead the product was shipped straight to Europe where the noble stage ways of abuse and addiction slowly rose. It was there that it was grown, abused, used and cultivated.
Below: The 1600’s,wooden Indians welcomed you into some of the first ever tobacco starde stores.
Discovey Of The First Cultivated Tobacco Plant
Plant geneticists believe they have now located the first-ever cultivated tobacco plant in the Andes Mountains juts near the border of Peru and Ecuador. If this is true, that would mean that the first cultivated tobacco plant was built at around 3000 to 5000 years BC.
There is a non-cultivated tobacco leaf called Nicotiana Tabacum that is known for its extremely strong levels of nicotine that are actually toxic to humans. In early agriculture and farming, tobacco smoke was actually used as a pesticide which supposedly leads to the first inhalation of the tobacco leaf. This would have stimulated the eventual process of smoking. As time went by, the leaf was able to finally produce tobacco with lower but still slightly dangerous levels of nicotine levels making it suitable for humans to smoke.
High in the ancient ruins fo the great Mayan civilisation, archaeologists have discovered clear evidence of smoking; mainly used for relaxation, worship, and enjoyment. On the walls of caves and homes, depictions of tobacco leaves and cigars are present. This was enough information to know that smoking wasn’t uncommon. Sik’ar was the word for smoking which I assume is where we get the cigar from. Two of the primary gods in Mayan worship were smokers which again is where I think smoking is involved in their religion.
Tobacco became more and more popular and common in areas of America until it eventually found its way into the depths of Alaska. Sadly, many traditions unique to Alaska natives were lost due to conversions committed by other villagers. There are still some cultural practices still out there though. Like many, there are still tobacco traditions like the one in Chickaloon where tobacco is used t welcome a visitor or when men are talking together around a fire perhaps. Native Americans simply don’t consider the daily use of tobacco anymore. Similar to the use of fine china at your grandma’s house, the traditional use of tobacco by Native Americas is controlled so that you only smoke at specific times or places.
Use Of Tobacco In Alaska
I’ve only ever witnessed a traditional potlatch service in Chickaloon, Alaska once before and that was for a funeral. Cured tobacco leaves are placed in a stone bowl and crushed. Once it is lit, the smoke that comes pouring out is fanned lightly by the person in charge of the ceremony and will bring the howl under the face of each participant. That person is then asked to inhale and with one swift motion sweep the smoke into your face. This practice is in honor of the spirit of the one that had died. The tobacco is grown locally and said to be so strong, it can transport the spirit of one’s body.
Tobacco was sacred to Native Americans. It was legend that is transported souls to a different place, a better place. The Europeans eventually arrived, they were welcomed wholly and the traditional pipe was smoked as a sign of peace and tranquility. Tobacco was ever-present for thousands of years right before the arrival of Columbus. Nicotine is addictive – right? It is just addictive as it was in the ancient times, however, when the use of nicotine is reduced to only specific events, it became more of a prescription.
Columbus’ Arrival In North America
The year is 1492 and Columbus has just arrived in North America for the first time and he is greeted by many villagers but more importantly, vat’s that smell. So pungent and fresh – well it’s the tobacco of course. BY then Columbus was then aware of the growth of tobacco leaves and how they were used in trade.
Below: Caribbean Indian woman enjoying a fine cigar
Rodrigo De Jerez – a sailor of Columbus’s decided he would smoke and brought the habit back to Europe. However, the sight of such ghastly smoke coming out of his nose and mouth terrified many and he was even imprisoned for it! The Spaniards though tobacco evil and it turned out to be the latest gossip in town for quite a while. Eventually, after seven years locked up, Rodrigo was released. You can imagine the looks he was given!
Tobacco seeds and tobacco was brought back to Europe in the 1500s and sometime before the 1600s tobacco was grown in many European countries. Only then did the abuse rise and addictions became more present.
Tobacco’s Arrival In Europe
As tobacco made its way through Europe, it was used for practically everything. From pneumonia to the plague, it became prescribed for use in so man things. People believed it calmed them and it did in ways because that’s what the nicotine would have done. But as time wen by, the use of so much tobacco raised much concern about addiction.
Much concern was beginning to rise in abuse and addiction. There were several attempts trying to control the tobacco use but all failed. Some of these regulations were put in place to promote health and well-being and some were meant for the monopoly of the product. Eventually, there came a time when the church was forced to pass the first indoor smoking ban. This was published in 1575. Pope Urban VIII even threatened to ban it entirely because he thought it was nearing sexual ecstasy.
Tobacco was never used in an addictive manner and instead used responsibly and in great ceremony. There were two types of smokers back in the Court of Montezuma: those who smoked pipes, and those who rolled the first cigars.
Back then it was said there were small quarrels between the Indians and the Europeans. Europeans joked that Indians couldn’t handle whiskey. And in return, the Indians joked that the Europeans couldn’t handle tobacco. The typical European response was to attempt to ban tobacco once again. They tried taxing it, monopolizing it, and even execution. All of these attempts led to mass rebellions. The first use of tobacco resulted in public whipping, a slit nose, and exile to Siberia. The execution was next!
The Arrival Of Cigarettes
The cigarettes that were around back then were produced quickly and provided in a pack of 20. They burnt quickly and inhaled which therefore provided an extremely relaxing does of nicotine. Once entering the bloodstream, then came the fatal addiction. That physical content need for smoke consumed many smokers. But it was an effective way to smoke without being caught. Cigarette smoking becomes such a habit in such a short period of time, it was considered not be a disease those 400 years ago. Their lives became ruled over by their addictions.
The majority of pipe and cigar smokers, however, smoked in specific places at specific times. Therefore, regulating their smoking pattern. Cigar smoknig takes time and needs to be smoked ina suitable condition and place; I believe cigar-smoking requires self-regulation and can only be a periodic consumption practice.
If you wish to seriously damage the basic civil rights of the public by banning or regulating tobacco then by all means do so. But tobacco can be used for ailments and helpful treatments. Smoking can be done for pleasure and enjoyment. You can’t take that away from a person. In centuries gone by, you have been shared the great stories sewn by our very ancestors and family. Smoke responsibly and you’ll find yourself in a much better position.